The Journey of Ikokore: A Delicacy of the Yoruba People

In the heart of Western Nigeria, particularly among the Ijebu people of the Yoruba tribe, lies a culinary treasure known as Ikokore.

This dish, also referred to as Ifokore is a rich, hearty meal made primarily from water yam (Dioscorea alata).

Let’s take a journey through its origin, the meticulous process of making it, and its health benefits.

The Origin of Ikokore

Ikokore has its roots deeply embedded in the cultural heritage of the Ijebu people of Ogun State, Nigeria. Traditionally, this dish is prepared for special occasions and festive periods, symbolizing unity and community as families and friends gather to enjoy its unique flavour.

The water yam, the primary ingredient, is a staple in this region due to its versatility and nutritional value.

How to Make Ikokore


  • Water yam (1 medium-sized tuber)
  • Palm oil (1 cup)
  • Smoked fish (1 cup, deboned)
  • Dried prawns (1/2 cup)
  • Ground crayfish (2 tablespoons)
  • Scotch bonnet peppers (2-3, to taste)
  • Onions (1 medium-sized, finely chopped)
  • Locust beans (iru) (1 tablespoon)
  • Seasoning cubes (2)
  • Salt (to taste)
  • Water (as needed) Preparation:

Preparation of Ingredients:

  • Peel the water yam and grate it into a smooth paste. This process is usually done manually using a grater to achieve the desired consistency.
  • Blend the Scotch bonnet peppers into a smooth paste and set aside.
  • Wash and debone the smoked fish, and rinse the dried prawns thoroughly.
  • Cooking Process:
  • Heat the palm oil in a large pot over medium heat until it melts. Be careful not to let it bleach.
  • Add the chopped onions and sauté until they become translucent.
  • Add the blended pepper paste and locust beans to the pot, stirring continuously for about 5 minutes to allow the flavours to meld.
  • Introduce the deboned smoked fish and dried prawns into the mixture, stirring gently to combine.
  • Add the ground crayfish and seasoning cubes, then pour in a little water to create a slightly thick stew base.
  • Allow this mixture to simmer for about 10 minutes, ensuring all the ingredients are well incorporated.

Adding the Water Yam:

  • Gradually spoon the grated water yam into the pot in small portions, ensuring they are well spaced out to form dumplings. Do not stir at this stage to avoid breaking the dumplings.
  • Reduce the heat to low and cover the pot. Let the Ikokore cook for about 20-30 minutes. The water yam dumplings will absorb the flavours from the stew and firm up.
  • After 20 minutes, check the consistency. If it’s too thick, add a little more water. Gently stir the Ikokore to ensure even cooking without breaking the dumplings.
  • Add salt to taste and let it simmer for another 5-10 minutes.


  • Ikokore is best served hot, accompanied by traditional Nigerian sides like cold eba (garri) or as a standalone dish. Its rich, savoury taste makes it a satisfying meal for any time of the day. Health Benefits of Ikokore

Rich in Nutrients:

  • Water yam is a good source of dietary fibre, which aids digestion and promotes a healthy gut. It also provides essential vitamins such as Vitamin C and B6, and minerals like potassium and manganese.

High in Protein:

  • The addition of smoked fish, dried prawns, and ground crayfish makes Ikokore a protein-rich dish, essential for muscle repair and growth.

Low in Fat:

  • Although palm oil is used in preparation, the overall fat content remains moderate, making it a healthy option compared to many other traditional dishes.

Contains Antioxidants:

  • Ingredients like onions and Scotch bonnet peppers are known for their antioxidant properties, which help combat free radicals in the body and reduce inflammation.


  • Water yam provides complex carbohydrates, offering a sustained energy release, which is beneficial for those needing an energy boost, particularly in physically demanding environments.

Lastly, Ikokore is not just a meal, it is a celebration of culture, community, and culinary artistry.

Its preparation, deeply rooted in tradition, brings families together, while its nutritional benefits make it a valuable addition to any diet. So, the next time you crave a taste of Nigerian heritage, remember the rich, flavorful, and nourishing delight that is Ikokore.

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